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Green since 1968

General Maintenance

    When installing sod (Fescue, Zoysia or Bermuda)- you are transplanting a plant. Good Soil to Soil contact is needed for success.You may want to do a soil test prior to installing sod. This is the link to get a soil test https://www.soiltest.vt.edu/fees-and-forms.html Preparing your area be sure to clear all debris. Good loose soil - so the roots can dig down. Rough the grade to eliminate drainage, loosen soil to a depth of 4 inches; remove sticks, stones, clods, weeds and old grass. You must apply Lime and Starter Fertilizer prior to putting the sod down; check with your area garden center on types and read the label for amounts needed. Soil preparation must be complete before you get your sod. Sod is a perishable product, which needs to be installed as soon as possible after harvesting. Heat builds up in the rolls and gasses are released and the sod starts to break down. Fescue is a cool season grass, It does best in the spring and fall. Weather permitting we harvest year round. Hot summer months are NOT the time to install Fescue. Freshly installed sod needs to be babied the first two weeks, depending on the current temperatures it has to be watered every other day or every day. It is important to water a minimum of  ½ inch of water each time. Irrigation is a great tool. Measure the water by volume not by time.

Cooler temperatures, below 60° - water every other day. Water as needed - when it is dry.

Above 60° water once a day - best to water in the morning.

Above 85° newly installed sod needs to be watered 2x a day. Early morning and early afternoon by 3pm.

Measure VOLUME of water put on the sod with a rain gauge, tuna can or measuring cup, any container to catch and measure the water.

Zoysia and Bermuda are warm season grasses. This year the months of April and May have slowed the development of both of these grasses. April was very cool and May 2016 was the wettest on record. As temperatures warm they will improve. Once planted, both are drought tolerant but need to be watered the first two weeks to get it established.

Plugs need to be kept moist the entire first season. Mother nature may help you reach your weekly watering goals. We recommend planting the Plugs - 12 inches apart with a cleared out area that has Starter Fertilizer and Lime mixed into the soil but not directly into the hole. Too much concentration in the small hole could burn up the plug.

    Watering is key for the survival of sod. Water will settle the sod. Water immediately after installation - check ground to ensure water has gone through the sod to the ground. The roots will follow the water, if shallow watering occurs the roots will turn up seeking the water. It is best to water in the morning, washing off the dew - there is sugar in dew which may contribute to disease.  Water the amount required based on temperature (see care guide or call our office). The sod will be rooted in 10-14 days. After the Fescue sod is rooted it will still need 1.5 inches of water per week especially the first year- a rain gauge is a great investment.

Zoysia will need the watering during the first 2 weeks and then you can just about leave it alone. If it appears to be dry - you can water it. After established, you can put high Nitrogen Fertilizer on the Zoysia 1x a month in June, July, and August. Feeding the grass will make it grow more - requiring more mowing. The great advantage to Zoysia is the fact that little maintenance is required.

Most sod failures are due to improper watering, too much, too little, too frequent. We can not stress enough that watering in the morning and a measured amount is key. When Summer is here. It is HOT, when temperatures are above 85° sod needs to be watered 2 x a day, early morning as early as 5am. Second watering around 12 noon - 3pm, this watering cools the sod. Measure the amount of water put on the ground- shallow watering is bad for roots and overwatering not good as well. Watering is measured in volume not time. Irrigation is great investment but it can miss areas and pressure is different for all. Click below to download a PDF of our Care Guide for instructions on preparation, installation, fertilizing, mowing and maintaining your sod. Or call and we will mail you one!

   HOT temperatures -  afternoon thunderstorms - warm moist nights - increased opportunity for Brown Patch         




         804-883-6338 Monday - Friday 8am-4pm




         14328 Medley Grove Lane

       Doswell, VA 23047 - (We are NOT located in the town of Doswell) - Located just 5 miles west of Ashland.